All parties must make this promise in their manifesto before 2024 Lok Sabha elections -aabtak24


India had raised the issue of climate change under the chairmanship of G-20. Despite this, climate change and how to deal with it have not yet attracted much attention in the G-20 agenda. But the way scientists have warned and the way the United Nations Secretary-General has talked about stopping greenhouse gas emissions from G-20 countries. It needs attention. 

Tell that from December 1, 2022, India is leading the world’s important organization G-20. Taking over the chairmanship of the G-20 group of countries, the PM had said that "India will work to promote the universal spirit of unity in the world.

India will move ahead with the mantra of ‘One Earth, One Family, One Future’", PM Modi had also insisted that "The challenges of climate change, terrorism and pandemics can only be solved by working together, not by fighting each other". 

Let us tell you that India has been one of the fastest growing economies in the world. India has contributed significantly to the country’s growing regional role in trade, but it has also had some dangerous consequences. The increase in greenhouse gas emissions is also an example of this. 

India has also made ambitious targets to deal with climate change. India has been insisting till now on achieving its target by 2027. In this connection, the country has also shared its strategy at the 27th Conference of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) meeting.  

India is focusing on the strategy of reducing green house emissions for a long time. India has also played a key role in formulating policy responses to the issue.

More importantly, the current parliament, especially the 17th Lok Sabha elected in the 2019 Indian general election, also debated laws and legislative measures to curb the effects of climate change.

In the debate in the Parliament, from air and water pollution to renewable energy and climate change strategies were also discussed in detail. MPs seek answers on climate change happening in India under UNFCCC, Paris Agreement and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). 

But now in 2024 Lok Sabha elections As soon as the elections are near, many questions have come to the fore in the direction of promoting energy, controlling carbon emissions, dealing with air pollution, controlling pollution caused by crop waste. Due to climate change, people in different regions of the country are also facing many diseases. Which has started questioning India’s strategy. 

The need to find solutions to the problems caused by climate change

Climate change is an important issue that needs an approach to find a solution. The manner in which parliamentarians in India have raised this issue and demanded action to push for policy changes reflects the seriousness of the issue. 

A Yale Program of Climate Change Communication survey found that 84 percent of Indians believe that climate change is caused by human activities. This data suggests that most Indians are aware of climate change and the seriousness of the issue, which could be a key factor for the general public to vote in elections.

Young voters can focus on this issue 

This issue may be more important for young voters. Especially the youth who are more aware of the environment and concerned about the challenges posed by climate change.

Let us tell you that in its last manifesto, the ruling party BJP had promised to facilitate the protection and promotion of forests in those states. "Long pending demand for Himalayan region" promised to fulfill. For this ‘Green Bonus’ was mentioned in the manifesto. 

But even in the budget of 2023-24, green bonus was not mentioned. The BJP in its previous manifesto had promised electrification for villages, rural water conservation under the Jal Jeevan Mission and meeting the depletion of groundwater by 2024. Also promised to focus on 102 polluted cities under the National Clean Air Plan. 

Congress in its manifesto had talked about focusing on the deteriorating quality of soil. Congress included in its manifesto the need to promote water body restoration mission and barren land regeneration mission. 

Water crisis a major challenge for India

India is rapidly moving towards water crisis with increasing population. This is the reason why the focus has to be on restoring groundwater resources and rivers. Many big rivers are currently passing through the worst condition ever. Pollution remains a major concern in major cities and rivers across the country. Water scarcity is being hit by climate change.

Heatweb also increased concern

In 2023, between February 13 and 20, about 1,156  The forest caught fire. Climate-related disasters have also reported internal displacement of 4.9 million people in India. 

The political leadership in the country not only needs to strengthen general measures in its manifestos and actions, but also needs to build on climate change adaptation and resilience to mitigate the hardships faced by the people.  

< p style ="text-align: justify;">Small political parties also gave importance to climate change in the manifesto

Many smaller political parties also made climate change a priority in their manifestos for the last elections. It focuses on issues such as sustainable agriculture, eco-tourism and promotion of renewable energy.

Now it has to be seen that how far all the parties can prove their stand on this issue in the manifesto of this time. Will the parties introduce new policies to deal with climate change? India has emerged as one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change in several recent reports. 

In such a situation, it seems necessary to decide where the promises of climate change find their place in the country’s politics before the 2024 elections. 


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